The 4Ps (Parents, Partners, Past and Pregnancy) was developed for use with pregnant women and women of child bearing age. The tool has 4 questions intended to facilitate discussion regarding substance use.
Hope Ewing, MD, 1990
Screening Tools and Protocols
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The Healthy Start EPIC Center is developed and operated by JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc. This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under grant number UF5MC26845 titled Supporting Healthy Start Performance Project for grant amount $2,472,000 with 0 percent financed with non-governmental sources. This information or content and conclusions are those of the author and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government.